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Gold is the most adaptable metal. You may be surprised to learn that in addition to gold to being associated with jewellery it is also used in medicine and electronics.  Gold has captured the hearts of men and women for over a millennium and can be found in all cultures. Gold is popular for its rarity and brilliance.

When creating gold jewellery it is important to balance the purity of the gold with durability.  Below we have broken down each of the most common karat weights for gold.

24 Karat: 99.9% Pure
22 Karat: 91.7% Pure 
18 Karat: 75% Pure
14 Karat: 58.3% Pure
12 Karat: 50% Pure
10 Karat: 41.7% Pure

The higher concentration of pure gold the softer and more malleable (ability to be bent and stretched into shapes) the metal becomes. This means that jewellery might lose some of its shape if worn on a regular basis. The most common karats of gold used in design work are 18k, 14k and 10k gold as it is the most durable.

What does K or Karat mean?

Karat or K Indicates the percentage of pure gold in the alloy (metal). The lower the carat rating is proportional to the amount of pure gold in the alloy

Doesn’t all jewellery have pure gold in it?

Pure gold, 24K or karat means that 24 out of 24 parts are gold, this type of gold is typically too soft for fine jewellery.

Varieties of Gold

Gold Vermeil: Often used in fashion jewellery, gold vermeil uses sterling silver that has been gold plated.

Gold Filled:  a common procedure where gold is bonded to a base metal such as brass of nickel.

Gold Plated: Similar to gold-filled jewellery, gold plated jewellery uses a base metal that is then electroplated with a thin layer of gold on top of the base metal.

White Gold: Combining gold with copper, zinc, and nickel or palladium creates white gold.

Rose Gold: Combining yellow gold with larger amounts of copper creates rose gold.